You asked: What are the parts of a bumper?

What is the lower part of a bumper called?

A bumper valance, also known as an air dam or front spoiler, is a panel located below the bumper, usually installed for decorative or aerodynamic purposes. If your bumper valance sustains damage, you…

What is inside a car bumper?

They are designed to absorb impact to the front and rear of vehicles and minimize low-speed collision damage. Today, standard passenger vehicle bumpers have a rigid reinforcing bar under the outer cover, with sections of compressible foam or plastic underneath. … The foam or plastic make this possible.

What is a bumper cover assembly?

A bumper cover is a large part that has several components: Bumper cover: This part is a piece of molded plastic that’s painted to match the body of the vehicle. It’s the only visible part of the bumper cover assembly. Bumper cover clips: The bumper cover assembly comes with several bumper cover clips (such as these).

What is the part under the rear bumper called?

Valance Panel

These can be found on the front, rear or both on most modern cars. Valance panels attach to the underside of the bumpers and resemble streamlined plastic “flaps.” This component serves first to help direct airflow in the pursuit of aerodynamics and second to conceal and protect underside components.

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What is a bumper bracket?

A bumper bracket is the part which keeps your bumper firmly on your car. You usually have more than one, and these metal pieces attach to the front and sides of your car’s frame. Because the brackets are responsible for keeping your bumper where it belongs, it is important to replace them after an accident.

Can you replace a car bumper yourself?

Replace a rusted or dented pickup bumper yourself

A rusty or dented bumper can drag down the whole appearance of a pickup that’s in otherwise good shape. Having it replaced by a pro will set you back $1,000, but you can save $500 or more in labor and parts by doing the job yourself. It takes only a few hours.

Can I fix my own bumper?

Yes, you can and should repair a damaged bumper. For one thing, it’s a matter of safety and, in some places, it’s the law. But it’s also an inexpensive upgrade to your car that you’ll also love seeing. A damaged bumper is as hard to hide as a bad haircut, and as important for you to fix as a broken tooth.

Can you fix a bumper without replacing it?

Minor issues can usually be repaired, but more serious damage could require a new replacement bumper. The choice between bumper repair or replacement will come down to the extent of the damage. Typically minor scratches, dents and chips can be easily repaired using specialized tools found in an auto body shop.

What material is a bumper cover made of?

What types of plastics are used in modern bumpers? Car manufacturers use a variety of plastics to make bumpers. The most common include polycarbonates, polypropylene, polyamides, polyesters, polyurethanes, and thermoplastic olefins or TPOs; many bumpers contain a combination of these different materials.

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What material is car bumper made of?

Materials. Most OEM bumpers are made out of plastic and feature an aluminum or steel reinforcement bar hidden in the middle. Some bumpers may also contain polypropylene in order to help absorb energy during an impact.

What is behind a bumper?

While most people assume the bumper is the visible, front fascia of a modern car, it’s actually a hidden structure behind the bumper cover. … Behind the bumper (also known as a bumper reinforcement), you’ll find energy absorbers.

What is the difference between bumper assembly and bumper cover?

A bumper is meant to protect the car, other bodywork, and occupants during a collision. A bumper cover covers the actual bumper. It may be designed for additional safety, performance, or for aesthetic reasons.

Is fender and bumper the same thing?

A fender frames the outside of the wheel, and is often connected to the bumper, which is why the words are often used interchangeably. Fenders serve the same purpose as bumpers: to protect the vehicle. However, while bumpers protect parts like the engine and lights, the fender protects the wheel.

What is the difference between a fender and a bumper?

They are both cushioned items used to protect a boat from impact or abrasion, either from another boat or a fixed structure, like a dock or pier. Technically, there’s one differentiator. A fender is attached to the boat. A bumper is attached to the fixed structure.