DC motors include two key components: a stator and an armature. The stator is the stationary part of a motor, while the armature rotates. In a DC motor, the stator provides a rotating magnetic field that drives the armature to rotate.
What are the 5 parts of a DC motor?
These components are: a stator, a rotor, a yoke, poles, armature windings, field windings, commutator, and brushes.
What are the 3 main parts of DC motor?
A DC motor is constructed with:
- A Stator.
- A Rotor.
- A Yoke.
- Field windings.
- Armature windings.
How do DC motors work?
The basic working principle of the DC motor is that whenever a current carrying conductor places in the magnetic field, it experiences a mechanical force. Fleming’s left-hand rule and its magnitude decide the direction of this force.
What are DC machine components?
Parts of a DC Generator
- Stator. The main function of the stator is to provide magnetic fields where the coil spins. …
- Rotor. A rotor in a DC machine includes slotted iron laminations with slots that are stacked to shape a cylindrical armature core. …
- Armature Windings. …
- Yoke. …
- Poles. …
- Pole Shoe. …
- Commutator. …
What are the composition of DC motors and the role of each part?
Basic Components of a DC Machine
There are two main parts, the stator and the rotor. The stator contains parts such as brushes, magnets and housing for the whole motor. The rotor contains the windings, the communicator and the output shaft. The two parts work together when voltage is applied to create a moving motor.
What are the 4 parts of a DC motor?
The basic parts of a brushed DC motor are:
- Case, bearing and stator magnets (stator, i.e. stationary),
- Motor shaft and washers,
- Armature / rotor,
- Commutator (and sometimes a Varistor), and.
- Brushes and terminals or leads.
What is armature and field?
The armature is the winding to which the load is connected. In small generators, the field windings are often on the stator, and the armature windings are on the rotor. … A synchronous motor is virtually identical to a synchronous generator. Thus, the armature is the stator and the field is the rotor.
What is a rotor in a DC motor?
The rotor is a moving component of an electromagnetic system in the electric motor, electric generator, or alternator. Its rotation is due to the interaction between the windings and magnetic fields which produces a torque around the rotor’s axis.
What is emf in DC motor?
When the armature of the DC motor rotates under the influence of driving torque, the armature of the conductors moves through a magnetic field inducing an emf in them. The induced emf is in the opposite direction to the applied voltage and is known as the back emf.
How is a DC motor construction?
A simple DC motor has a stationary set of magnets in the stator and an armature with one or more windings of insulated wire wrapped around a soft iron core that concentrates the magnetic field. The windings usually have multiple turns around the core, and in large motors there can be several parallel current paths.
What causes counter EMF in a DC motor?
Counter-electromotive force (counter EMF, CEMF), also known as back electromotive force (back EMF), is the electromotive force (voltage) that opposes the change in current which induced it. CEMF is the EMF caused by magnetic induction (see Faraday’s law of induction, electromagnetic induction, Lenz’s law).
What are the parts of motors?
Different Parts of an Electric Motor and Their Function
- A power supply – mostly DC for a simple motor.
- Field Magnet – could be a permanent magnet or an electromagnet.
- An Armature or rotor.
What are the parts of DC motor starter?
The name comes from the number of terminals that connect to the motor, with 3 point starters having three terminals: the armature terminal, which is connected to the motor armature winding; the line terminal, which is connected to the positive supply pole; and the field terminal, which is connected to the field winding …
What is a commutator in a motor?
The commutator assures that the current from the generator always flows in one direction. … On DC and most AC motors the purpose of the commutator is to insure that the current flowing through the rotor windings is always in the same direction, and the proper coil on the rotor is energized in respect to the field coils.